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Name N.O. Common Name Form & Part Preperation and Dosage Constituents Toxisity & Contraindications Actions Uses Comments Image
Petasites palmatus Asteraceae Coltsfoot, Son beforre the Father, Horsefoot, Coughwort, Flowers, Leaves, rhizomes Tinctures, decoctions, infusions, oils Pyrrolizadine alkaloids, bitter glycoside, tannins, mucilage, inulin, phosphoric acid, citric acid, malic acid, sugar, zinc, May be Abortifacient, pyrrolizadine alkaloids may be toxic to liver, alkaloids are in the young leaves, not in the mature leaves, flowers, or rhizomes Respiratory, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-spasmodic, Astringent, Anti-arthritic, Antitussive, Upper respiratory, Diuretic, Anti-inflammatory, Gastric disorders, demulcent, Sedative effect, Infections Respiratory, Chest asthma, emphysema, TB, Swollen, sore eyes, Stomach ulcers, Colds, coughs, sore throat, expectorant, 1st stage grippe, consumption, Dried or grated root used as a dressing on boils, swellings, sores Used in many cough preparations leaves used to cover berries while cooking in a pit. images/Coltsfoot.jpgView
Abies balsamea Pinaceae Balsam Fir, Canadian Balsam,Eastern Fir,American Silver Fir, Balsam Spruce, Fir Pine, Silver Pine, Christmas Tree. Outre and inner bark, resin, whole branches Tincture, Decoction, Syrups. Resin: Terpene acid, bitter principles, essential oil. Young shoots: resin mucilages, Vitamin A, C, minerals (calsium, iron, fluorine) Bark: minerals, tannins, oleoresin. none Analgesic, Antiseptic, Vulnerary,Anti-inflammatory, anodyne, Urogenital ailments, Cardio tonic Antitussive, URI use, Kills pain, cancer, Dysentry, Scurvy (nutitive) Arthritis/rheumatism, Cancerous conditions, Cough, Wounds, TB, Earache, headache, Bronchitis, Salve for wounds, cuts, burns, Colds, flu, Inflammation of mucus, Sore throats, Inflammation of mucus membrane, Cancer Integumentary the tree provides Medicine, nutritive, utility(plugging up boats and buildings). Curing Colds, scurvey, and wound healing Dr.Jeanne uses it in her formulas fo psoriasis, eczema, severe skin conditions. images/balsamfir.jpgView
Acorus calamus Acoraceae Calamus, rat root, muskrat root, flag root, sweet calomel, sweet flag, sweet sedge, Root, Leaves, add to perfume/flavoring, stalk was candied. Oils, tincture, decoction, dried. Essential oil, choline, soft resin, gum, stach, bitter, glucoside, acorin Pregnant women because of uterine stimulation. May cause vomitinh with long term use. Avoid the Calamus from Asia because of the beta-asarone content. FDA guidelines thought it to have carcinogenic effects. Emmenagogue: incresed menstral flow. Ayurvedic (brain nervous sytem rejuvenator), Smoking cessation, Hypotensive, Antiflatulent, Parasiticide (tincture, lice/scabies) Antianxiety/calming, Antiarrhythmic, Vasodialator, antitussive, expectorant. Coughs, Decrease smoking habit, Restorative:brain & nervouse system, Simulant, High Blood pressure, Nervousness, Digestive problems, Lice, scabies, Cardiac support, Cardio vascular (after a stroke or heart problem) Cardiovascular, First nations use:clearing nasal, respiratory passages: mind clearing, toothache, apply to burns; increase strength/stamina physical endurance improve digestion, heart problems, especially after a stroke. Chinese use: for deafness, dizziness, epilepsy, images/calamus.jpgView
Alnus rubra Betulaceae Red Alder, Smooth Alder Bark, leaves, young shoots, catkins, (male parts are long drooping redish, female parts are short woody, brown cones Decoction, infusion, dyes, nutriative (catkins), nitrogen fixer in soil. Bark and young shoots have 16-20% of tannic acid, salacin, Betulin and lupeol compounds shown to be effective againsta variety of tumors. none Alterative, Anti-tumor, Astringent, Swollen lymph nodes, Emetic, Skin irritations, Diuretic, Anti-inflammatory, Digestive, Tonic, Anti-hemorrhagic, Febrifuge, fever Insect bites, Poison oak, TB, Cancer prevention, Syphilis, Bleeding, Nutrition, dyspepsia, anodyne kills pain. Integumentary Fender Guitars, Dying Baskets, wool, feathers, human hair, and skin, The inner bark is used for eating, The wood is low in pitch good for smoaking fish and meat.It is also been found to be effective against a veriety of tumors. images/redalder.jpgView
Althaea officinalis Malvaceae Marshmallow, Althaea, Mortification root, Sweetweed, Wymote Leaves, Roots, Flowers. Starch (up to 35% in Roots), Mucilage (11%);Flavonoids, Phenolic acids, Sucrose, Asparagine. for patients with Diabetes m. may alter the blood sugar; Pregnant & lactating women; not used by anyone on drug medications as the Marshmallow root coats the stomach which would slow the absorption of the drug. Ant-inflammatory, Demulcent, Expectorant, Diuretic, Emollient, Vulnerary, Bladder infections, Anti-bacterial, Hypoglycemia, Anti-nausia,Skin Conditions, Galactagogue, Antitussive, Diuretic, Expectorant, Respiratory problems. Gastritis, Stomach ulcers, Leg ulcers, IBS, Bronchial coughs, Cystitis, Boils Abscesses, Urinary disorders, Kidney stones, Mouth sores, Colitis, Diarrhea, Gonorrhea, Pneumonia, Catarrh, Colds Flue, Sore throats, Diverticulitis, Broncial asthma, Teething (use the peeled fresh roots as a chew stick) The generic name Althaea from Greek "althos means to heal" from the mallows healing properties. Malvaceae is derived from Greek, Malake means soft , from the special qualities of the Mallows in softening and healing. Althaea officinalis is a perennial species indigenous to Africa but was spred throughout Europe and is cultivated in the USA especially in N.Y. State. Also can row in Canada. The plant is in flower from August to September, In Chinese Medicine they claim the plant helps to increase the flow of breast milk and soothe the bronchial tubes. Because of its mucilaginous nature you can images/marshmallow.jpgView
Arctium lappa Asteraceae Burdock, Thorny burr, Beggar's Buttons, Cockelbur, Love leaves, Philanthropium, Personata, Happy Major, Clot-Bur, Lappa, Burr seed. Roota, seeds, leaves, fruit (the wole plant) Root: decoction, infusion, poultice, wash: leaves: infusion, poultice, or in oils:Seeds:decoction Roots/leaves: glycosides, flavonoides, tannins, volitile oil, polyacetylenes, resin, musilage, insulin alkaloids, essential oil,: Seeds: essential fatty acids, Vitamin A, B2, phytosterols. Pregnant women: may stimulate the uterus. Ant-inflammatory, Diuretic, Detoxification, Cholagogue, Anti-fungal, Aperient, Builds Blood (120 day's) Bowel regulator, Antibiotic, Antitussive, Tonic, Skin conditions, Blood cleanser, Eliminating waste, Nourishes blood, Alterative. Acute /chronic skin, Arthritis / rheumatism, Liver and blood tonic conditions, Cough, Increases blood circulation, Constipation, Flatulence, Hormone balancer, Gout, Cancer Nuxalk:called it sea urchin.Sahaptin:boild the roots for arthritis Arcticum: means bear from the shaggy hair Good for toothe aches (analgesic) images/burdock.jpgView
Betula alba Betulaceae Birch, White Birch Bark, Black Birch, Silver Birch, Canoe Birch, lady of the woods. Leaves, leaf buds, inner bark, twigs, roots. Oils, infusions, decoctions, tinctures. Acids, caffeic, chlorogenic, ascorbic, betulinic and nicot (leaves), Flavonoids, aviccularina, quercetin, minrecitina, (leaves), Tannins, leaves and bark, Betulin, bark, betulinol (leaves and bark), resins saponins (leaves and bark), methyl salicylate (leaves) None, except ingestion or external application of essential oil because it is very rich in Methyl Salicylates. The topical application of the tar obtained from the distillation of the bark may cause irritation to the skin. Lactating or pregnant woman should seek medical advice to use this medicine. Diuretic, Antihelminth, Febrifuge, hypertension, Anti rheumatic, Choloagogue, Bitter tonic. Tonifacation / body, Antiseptic, Stimulant, Diaphoretic, Stimulant, Anti cholesterol, Sstringent, Antibacterial, Anti inflammatoty URI, cystitis, Kidney stones, Fever, Fluid retension Blood cleanser, Sore throat, Diarrhea, parasites, Mouth ulcers, GI problem. Nephritis, Skin conditions Birch sap is delicious and sweet good substitute for maple. Betulinic acid has been studied and used with herpes, AIDS, cancer, including melanoma. Natives used this tree in all forms, medicine, shelter, boat building, eating, chewing, basket weaving. images/birchbark.jpgView
Calendula officinalis Asteraceae Compositae Marigold, Calundula, Golden flower of May Flower heads Oils, salves, infusion,tinctures, compress, mouth wash Saponins, carotenoids, bitters, essential oils, flavanoids none Antiviral, Antispasmodic, Detoxification, Lymphatic congestion, Anti-inflammatory, Atiseptic, Vulnerary, Expels placenta, Anti-fungal, Anti-cramp, Diaphoretic, Stimulates appetite, Anti-microbal, Antioxidant cholagogue, Astringent, Inflammations of skin, Burns, Relieves insect bites, Fever wih cold, flue, Shingels, Blood purifier, Tumors, cysts, Gastritisulcers, Aids in cell regenerations, Glandular swelling, Non-healing wounds, Earaches, herpes, Fungal infections, Varicose veins images/Merigold.jpgView
Chimaphila umbellata Ericaceae Pipsissewa Aerial parts, Infusion, Tinctures, Arbutin, Smaller amounts of Chimphilin (2,7-dimethyl-1,4 Napthoquinone), Ericolin, Isohomoarbutin, Iriodold Glycoside Monotropein, Steriodal Saponin Taraxsterol, Flavonoids Quercitrin, Myricacitrin, Tannin, Volatile Oils, Ursolic Acid, Gallic Acid, Gum, Resin Leaves poltice onto skin may induce redness, blistering and peeling, Arbutin hydrolyzes to the toxic Urinary antiseptic Hydroquinone pregnant women Diuretic, Astringent, Urinary Antiseptic, Alterative, Antibacterial, Glucosuria, Lymphatic stimulant, Increase renal circulation, stimulates tubular function, BPH, Cystitis, Nephritis, Urolithiasis, Diabetes, Gout, Rheumatism, Arthritis, Skin disease, Cancer, Prostatic irritation, Pyelonephritis, The name Pipsissewa comes from the Cree name Pipsisikewu wich means break into small pieces, referring to its reputed ability to dissolve kidney stones (Parish 1996, 98) The rubbery leaves has a substance that helps to dissolve kidney stones, The name Chimaphila is derived from two Greek words, meaning winter & loving Chimaphila Root was at one time used as an ingredient in making root beer, Although once plentiful in Europe, it is currently a protected species in many countries. american indian tribes made a leaf tea as a Spring Tonic to reduce fevers, for Bladder stones, Stomach disorders, TB, long lasting cold, Head colds, Backache, Gonorrhea, Chest pain, Rheumatism, as a Diuretic, as an Antispasmodic for Nervous disorders, including Epilepsy, Pain, and for Fever connected with Heart conditions, Externally the tea is used as a wash for sores and blisters, as Liniment for sore muscles, for Poultice in reducing swellings especially on the legs and feet used by the Thompson natives. The whole plant is made into a tea as a blood purifier and an appetite stimulant. The Chippewas prepared a decoction of the roots as eya drops to cure aching eyes images/pipsissewa.jpgView
Crataegus oxycantha Rosaceae English Hawthorne, May bush/tree, thorn apple tree, white thorn, quickset Berries, leaves, flowers. Decoction, tonic, tinctures, oils Flavenoid, glycosides, procyanidins, saponins, tannins, minerals, cardiotonic amines, (phenylethylamine, choline, acetylcholine), pectins, triterpene acids, (oleonolic acid, crategolic acid, ascorbic acis, sugars, aluminum, calcium, phosphoric acid. Pregnant and nursing women or children under 12 years old: side effects are rare but watch for exacerbation of your symptoms. Astringent, Increase coronary blood flow,Carminative, Relaxant, Diuretic, Sedative, antispasmodic, Vasodialator, Metabolic heart activity, Anti-anxiety, Cardiac, Hyptonic, Anti-arteriosclertic. High cholesterol, Atherosclerosis, Fatigue, Cardiac performance, Increse blood flow /heart, Aids digestion, Diarrhea/dysentrery, Sore throat, High blood pressure, Chest paine, Dyspnea, emmenagogue, Heart failure, Palpitations, Opens blood vessels, Calms mental agitation, Vaginal d/c/douche, Insomnia, Curbs appetite. Cardiovascular: Everyone should plant hawthorn: Pick the red berries by Oct.Pick flowers in spring. images/hawthorn.jpgView
Echinacea purpurea Asteraceae Compositae Echinacea Roots and aeriel parts Dried roots as decotions, Tinctures, 20-60 gtt 3x/day day for acute conditions Caffeic acid, cichoric acid, (both are phenols), echinacoside (a glycoside) alkylamides, polysaccharides, othe small constituents are inulin, betain, resins, volatile oils, none Alterative, Antiviral, Immune booster, Anti cancer, Anti-inflammatory, Fungicide, Anti-edemic, Antiseptic, Analgesic, Antibacterial, vasodilator, Vulnerary, Sialogugue, Common cold, Infections, Low immune status, Cancer, Viral URI, Wounds, Infections, bronchitis, Burns, Skin conditions, Sore throat, bronchitis, Mouth pain. E.Purrurea is most tested and used. The alkylamines cause numbness when the flower is chewed, which is probably why Native Americans used it for mouth pain. This is also how herbalists test the strenghth of the herb.The plant can be divided at the end of the summer, The plant grows in clumps and can produce many baby root plants. Dr Jeannie once divided a 5 year root clump into 100 smaller plants, images/Echinacea.jpgView
Inonotus obliquus HYMENOCHAETACEAE Chaga, Cinder conk; Gift from God; King of Herbs; Birch mushroom. The “Sterile Conk”, burnt charcoal cinder conk on the outside bark of the birch tree: use the inside granulated parts of the 3 layers. tinctures, oils Polysaccharides that enhance the immune system; treat cancer, HIV Polysaccharides that enhance the immune system; treat cancer, HIV virus and other bacterial and viral infections. Betulinic acid: to counter viral infections and tumors/cancer Triterpenes: to lower cholesterol, improve circulation, detoxify the liver, treat hepatitis, bronchitis, asthma and coughs. Germanium: ( free radical scavenger) to cleanse the blood, normalize blood pressure and CONTINUATION FROM CONSTITUENTS-------- and prevent tumors. Other nucleosides, phytonutrients, minerals, and amino acids including: Saponin, magnesium, chromium, iron, kalium, beta-glucan, inotodiol, Isoprenoid Inotodiol: works against influenza A and B viruses and cancer cells. Anti-tumour, Anti-biotic, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-helminthic, Immune booster, Digestive disorders, Antioxidant, Anti-hypoxant, (O2 defic.), Anti-cancer Antimutagenic (white bark of birch on which the Chaga feeds off, Tonic, Blood purifying, Anodyne, Restorative, Boosts immune system. Stomach diseases, Intestinal worms Liver ailments Heart problems, HBP Anti-tumor activity Diabetes, HIV Cancer: breast, liver, uterine, GASTRIC Oxygen deficiency, TB of the bone/glands Think of it as yeast;boiling will kill the fungus. Use 1part of Chaga over 5 parts of boiled water. Let stand covered 48 hrs,strain; put in more boiled water thus you have doubled the water; Drink 3cups/day, 30 minutes before each meal. This is one form of making the tea. images/chaga.jpgView
Nereocystis luetkeana Laminariaceae Bull Kelp Whole seaweed Dried for food, soups, salads, Extracts, Tinctures Fulcans, Alginates, Iodine, Alkali, Calcium, Sulphur. Iron, Phosphorus, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Vits, A,D,E,K,B,complex, Mucopolysaccharides, Phenolic compounds, Polar lipids, Glycosyl ester diglycerides, Protein, CHO, EFAs and about 30 other minerals none Anti-Cancer, Iodine source, Anti-tumor, Vulnerary, Thyroid stimulant Normalize underactive thyroid, Anti-Cancer, Breast, Decrease Cholesterol, Thickening agents in ice-cream, jelly, salad dressing, toothpaste It is noted that the Japanese, who eat lots of kelp, have a low rate of Breast Cancer, Heart Disease, Thyroid disease, Respiratory Disease, Arthritis,High Blood pressure, and gastrointestinal ailments. Maybe we can learn from this and start a diet of Kelp on a daily basis. Coast First Nations laid the long fronds in the water for the herring to lay their eggs on. They would then store them cutting them into small squares to dry in the air and sun. Not only does it taste absolutely delicious but so very nutritious. I call these long fronds "Mermaids Hair". images/bullkelp.jpgView
Oplopanax horridium Araliaceae Devil's Club, Devils Walking stick, Prickly Porcupine Ginseng Outer Bark, roots, thorns, berries Dry outer bark, roots into tincture, decoctions Torreyol, dodinene, busnesol, dodecenol, cadene, cerdrol, sesquiterpne, saponins, glycerides, tannins, May alter sugar levels in DM patients, monitor hypoglycemic, Anti-spasmodic, Astringent, Anti-arthritic, Atitussive, Smooth muscle, Emetic (inner bark), Anti-inflammatory, Antifungal, relaxant, Anodyne, Antipyretic, Antiviral, Appetizer, Blood purifier, Cathartic, gaalactogogue, opthalmic, emmenagogue, Pectoral, tonic. Respiratory, Arthritis, rheumatism, Wounds, Cataracts, bronchitis, Boost immune system, Burnt stems &oil mix as salve on swellings, Berries rubbed on scalp for lice and dandruff make a paste of bark as a poultice to treat wounds, bites, stings and skin problems including the festered sores caused by its own thorns images/Devilsclub.jpgView
Phytolacca americana / decandra PHYTOLACCACEAE Poke root, Pokeweed, Ink berry root Tincture: 15-30 drops/3x/d. Decoction: drink 1C/ 3x/d Tripterpenoid saponins; alkaloid; resin; phytolaccic acid; tannins, formic acid; fatty oil and sugar In large doses can be a powerful emetic and purgative, contains mitogenic substances; may cause gastro enteritis with diarrhea/ vomiting; not recommended for nursing mothers, pregnant women or children under 6 y.o.; persons with liver or kidney disease. Anti-inflammatory, Alterative, Anti-catarrhal, Anti-rheumatic, Stimulant, Laxative, Lymphatic system, Emetic, Anti-Cancer, Vulnerary, Anti-tumor, Skin conditions. Hard glandular lymph swellings, Upper respiratory tract infections, *Cleanse lymphatic glands, Breast lumps: best as topical oil, Testicular inflammations, Ear infections, Uterine fibroids, Fibrous breasts, Tonsillitis, Acne. Mumps, Catarrh, Mastitis, Breast cancer, Boils. Pokeroot is an important ingredient in the Hoxsey formula. (Cancer) The berries were used as dyes for baskets and as an ink or paint. Used by First Nations in the treatment of rheumatic complaints and skin conditions. Pokeroot has a history of usage as a food plant, picked young and eaten like asparagus, or the leaves boiled and then added into a salad images/pokeroot.jpgView
Portulaca oleracea Portulacaceae Purselane, Verdolaga, Pigweed, Little hogweed, Pursley, Moss rose, Garden Purselane, Northamerican is Pussly. aerial parts, seeds Tincture, Decoction, Infusion, Nutritive (salads), Spagyrics Gemmotherapy. Omega --3 fatty acids, mucilage, Vit. C,E,A, Glutathione, Potassium, Calcium, Coumarins, Flavonoids, Cardiac glycosides, Anthraquinone glycosides. Seeds contain: Fat, Ash, Fatty acidsof the seeds are 10.9% Palmitic, 3.7% Stearic, 1.3% Behenic, 28.7% Oleic, 38.9%Linoleic, 9.9% Linolenic. In Chinese Medicine:Noradrenaline, Calcium salts, Dopamine (DOPA), Malic acid, Alanine, Glucose, Fructose, and Sucrose;Betacyanins not eaten by pregnant women;with weak digestion Antibacterial, Antiscorbutic, Depurative, Diuretic, Febrifuge, Heart support, Immunr support, Heal burns, Nutritive, Strangury, Anti-haemorrhages, Anti-inflammatory, Vermifuge, HBP, Anti-cancer against degenerative free radical damage, Anti-aging, Regulate Blood Cholestrol levels, Analgesic Head pains aches:from inner heat Dry coughs, Shortness of breath (SOB)Increased thirst, Headaches especially from lack of sleep or anxiety, Stops bleeds, Gout, Hardness of sinews, Sore throat, Sore mouth, Swollen gums, Strengthen loose teeth, Sore inflamed eyes, The Greeks used: for Constipation and Urinary system, The Dominican Republic: for internal parasites. Northern India used: to act as a liver tonic for Liver Diseases, TCM: used for infections or bleeding of the genito-urinary tract (UTI) Known as good companion plant: provides ground cover to create a humid microclimatefor plans as corn. It will follow Purselane roots down through the harder soil that they cannot penetrate on their own (ecological facilitation);a beneficial weed. Ancient times; trew arround a bed to protect against evil spirits. images/purselane.jpgView
Rheum palmatum POLYGONACEAE Turkey rhubarb, Rhubarb root, Da huang, Chinese rhubarb Dried roots, chopped or powdered stems. Decoction, Tinctures. Anthraquinone glycosides, chrysophanol, emodine, aloe-emodin, rhein, physcion, cinnanic acid, calcium oxalate, fructose, glucose, tannic acid, sennosides A, B, & C Do not take if you take Lasix (furosemide) might lead to Potassium depletion, if you are lactating or pregnant, if you have ulcers or colitis or any intestional inflammations, or have kidney stones or gallstones or have had gallbladder removed, may turn your urine red or bright yellow but is harmless, not for children under 12 Purgative, Astringent, Stomachic, Laxative, Anti-bacterial, Anti-cancer, Anti-inflammatory, Detoxiification, Blood cleanser, Amenorrhea, Anemia, Infections Boils, Constipation, Dysentry, Jaundice, Duodenal Ulcers, Worms, ring pin thread, Eruptions skin. The Chinese used this herb as a Purgative for at least 2,000 years. They dug root only when it was 2-3 years old and be aged for about 6-12 month to be an effectice Purgative, The herb is a component of thhe anti-cancer blend Essiac along with the sheep sorrel, Slippery Elm and Burdoc Root images/turkeyrhubarb.jpg
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Rosa glauca Rosaceae Rose Hip dried rose hip and the seeds are used to make medicine Tincture, Decoction, Vit C, carotenoid pigments, plant sterols, tocotrienols and a very high level of anthocyanins, catechins and other polyphenolics, known phytochemicals No side effects are known when rose hips are used in the normal designated amounts. anti-inflammatory antioxidant flavonoids with known anti-inflammatory properties. Rose hips also contain carotenoid pigments, plant sterols, tocotrienols and a very high level of anthocyanins, catechins and other polyphenolics, known phytochemicals to protect against cancer and cardiovascular disease (CVD). They also contain up to 5 % by weight of pectin, a soluble fiber that protects against CVD. In clinical trials, rose hips were seen to reduce C-reactive protein levels, associated with a lowe The rose hips of Dog Rose are a traditional diuretic and laxative. The rose hips are useful in the treatment of influenza-like infections, diarrhea, and various urinary tract disorders. No side effects are known when rose hips are used in the normal designated amounts. Rosehips are also commonly used to make herbal teas, by boiling the dried or crushed rose hips for10 minutes. About 2 tablespoons of berries are used per pint of water. A half-teaspoon of dried mint may be added to give a different flavor, or the acid-tasting tea may be sweetened. Rose hip tea may also be improved by blending with hibiscus flowers. images/rosehip.jpgView
Rumex acetosella POLYGONACEAE Sour Dock, Sour Grass, Red Top, Field Sorrel Whole plant Decoction, Infusion, Tincture Anthraquinones, Emodin, Aloe Emodin, Chrysophanol, Rhein and Physcion. Aerial parts: Rutin, Flavone glycosides, Hyperin; Vits. C, A, B-complex, D, E, K, P, U, Ash, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Potassium, Silicon, Iron, Sulphur, Copper, Iodine, Manganese, Zinc. Leaves & Stems: Carotenoids, Chlorphyll, Malic acid, Oxalic acid, Tannic acid, Tartaric acid, Citric acid; Phytoestrogens Polygonaceae family contain Oxalates in their fresh and cooked leaves so contraindicated in cases of Kidney stones; large doses of tea may cause gastric disturbances as nausea and diarrhea due to Anthraquinone-type laxative compounds; increased Oxalates in the raw herb may cause problems if you eat too much. Diuretic, Antiscorbutic, Antiseptic, Diaphoretic, Anti-inflammatory, Antioxidant, Cellular, regeneration, Detoxification, Laxative, Vascular disorders, Febrifuge, Anti-cancer, Boost immune system, Reduce tumour, growth, Viral infections, Urinary, Kidney complaints, Strengthens the heart, Fevers, Excessive menstruation, mouth throat ulcers, Boils carbuncles, Anti-diarrhea, Stomach, hemorrhage, Scurvy, Is an ingredient in the Essiac formula to fight against Cancer. A recommendation not to plant in your herb garden as it spreads like a weed. Put in a confined spot or where it can become mulch. I’ve seen it grown wild on edges of the highway like a weed in bad soil. Tiny spikes of yellow flowers turn into small red/brown seeds. Leaves and stems can also have a brown tinge. Native tribes had many uses of this herb useful for the stomach, boils & a de-wormer. images/sheepsorrel.jpgView
Rumex acetosella Polygonaceae Sheep Sorrel Whole plant Decoction, Infusion, Tincture Anthraquinones, Emodin, Aloe Emodin, Chrysophanol, Rhein and Physcion, Aeriel parts, Rutin, Flavone glycosides, Hyperin, Vits, C, A, B-complex D, E, K, P, U, Ash, Phosphorous, Magnesium, Potassium, Silicon, Iron, Sulphur, Copper, Iodine, Manganese, Zinc, Leave ans stems, Carotenoids Chlorphyll, Malic acid, Oxalic acd, Tannic acid, Tartaric acid, Citric acid, Phytoestrogens Polygonaceae family contain Oxalates in their fresh and cooked leaves so contraindicated in cases of Kidney stones, large doses of tea may cause gastric disturbances as nausea and diarrhea due to Anthraquinone-type laxative compounds, increased Oxalates in the raw herb may cause problems if you eat too much. Diuretic, Diaphoretic, Cellular regeneration, Vascular disorders, Boost immune system, Antiscorbutic, Anti-inflammatory, Detoxification, Febrifuge, Reduce tumour growth, Antiseptic, Antioxidant, Laxative, Anti-cancer, Viral infections Urinary, Kidney complaints, Excessive menstruation, Ant-diarrhea, Stomach hemorrhage, Fevers, Boils, carbuncles, Scurvey. Is an ingredient in the Essiac formula to fight against Cancer, A recommendation not to plant in your herb garden as it spreads like a weed. Put in a confined spot or where it can become mulch I have seen it grow wild on the edges of the highway like a weed in bad soil, Tiny spikes of yellow flowers turn into small red brown seeds. Leaves and stems can also have a brown tinge. Native tribes had many uses of this herb useful for the stomach, boils, and a de-wormer. images/sheepsorrel.jpgView
Rumex crispus POLYGONACEAE Curled Dock, Garden Patience, Narrow Dock, Parell, Patience Herb, Sour Dock, Yellow Dock Roots, Leaves, Seeds Decoction, Oils, Infusion, Syrups Leaves: Chlorophyll, Vitamins A, C, Oxalic acid. Roots: Tannins, Chrysophanic acid, Rumicin, Minerals (Calcium, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorus, Tonic, Bitter Principles may increase laxative effect if taken with other laxative taken at the same time. Astringent, Chologogue, Alterative Tonic, Nourish, fortify, purify blood, Bowel cleanser, Digestive disorders Skin conditions, Anemia, Detoxify Diuretic * Upper Respiratory Anti-inflammatory, General body weakness, Antioxidant, AnemiaAnti-diarrhea Arthritis/Gout Indigestion, Psoriasis, Scurvy Spleen deficiency, Blood purifier, Laxative, Liver health, Bile deficiency, This plant is found in B.C. and has become a nuisance for some gardeners. Studies now show that this medicine is used as an ingredient in Cancer formulations. images/yellowdock.jpgView
Sambucus racemosa Caprifoliaceae Elderberries Berries Tincture, fresh or dried, infusions, vinegar minstrum then make into lotions, ointments,cream Volitile oil, flavonoides, mucilage, tannins, Vit A,C, cyanogenic, viburnic acid, alkaloid, glycosides (sambucin, sambucyanin, sambunigrin, Stems, roots, unripe berries and seeds may contain cyanide which may cause vomiting and severe diarrhea if chewed or eaten uncooked. Ripe berries are save when prepared for use in foods, laxative, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-neuroalgic, Astringent, Diuretic Removing spasmodic cough, Chronic sinusitis, Bronchial infections, immune stimulant, Improves circulation to hands feet and brain, Opens all tubes of the body lungs skin colon kidneys blood vessels Elder berry roots, leaves bark used: purgative and diuretic. Elder bark used tradittionaly shaed into a toothpick for dental pain: flute instrument, Elder of all species made into elder berry wine and other spirits.and various herbal medicines there are 30 subspecies of the elder. images/Elderberry.gifView
Smilacina racemosa Liliaceae False Solomon's Seal, Solomon-plume, wild spiknard, wild-lilly-of-the-valley. Roots Tincture,decoction gum,sugar,starch,pectin, asparagin, Convallarin, none Anti-bacterial, Auto-immuner, Expectorant, Bruising, Astringent, Musculoskeleton injuries, Demulcent, Male infrtility, Connective tissue repair, Restorative, Hormonal imbalance, Anti-inflammatory, Wound healing, Lubricant in lungs, Analgesic, Tonic, Skin problems. Tendons, muscles, ligaments, joints and connective tissues have been torn, bruised, overstreched, tight, inflamed, Restores strength and energy after a high fever, Broken bones, Sore throats, Menopause, Tenacious mucous of bronchials, Anti-itch from rashes, Acts on Mucus membranes, Coughs, Arthritis, Vaginites. Blooms April to June pick the root till Oct Likes to live in shady area, images/Falsesolomonsseal.jpgView
Solidago canadansis Asteraceae Sweet goldenrod, Sweet-cented goldenrod, Blue mountain tea, Woundwort, Canadian goldenrod, Julia's goldenrod. aerial parts. Teas, tinctures, oils. Tannins, Flavonoids(rutin,quercitrin, isoquercitrin, astragalin,hyperoside, nicotiflorin, triterpene, saponins, bisdesmosidic,polygala acid: glycosidec(leiocarposide,virgaureoside; phenolic acid (caffeic, chlorogenic);essential oil;dierpenoid, lactones;polysaccharides. none Anti-infection, Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Antiseptic, Anti-rheumatic, Skin condition, Antispasmodic, Aromatic, Kidney problems, Stimulant, Carminative, Diuretic, Cellular regeneration Vulnerary. Bladder inflammation, Kidney stones, Cold/flues, Allergies, Whooping cough, Eczeme, Arthritic pain relief, Muscle injury/spasms, URI/cough, Bone & joint conditions, Menstrual regulator, Heals wounds. Fill the jar with aerial parts of the plant fill up to top w/Olive oil. Leave in the direct sun 30d. and then 30d. in a dark place. Leave the plant in the oil menstrum. One other plant placed in the sun is St.John's wort, 1000hrs images/goldenrod.jpgView
Symphytum officinales Boraginaceae Comfrey, Knitbone, boneset, Root, leaves, Tincture, Decoction, Poultice, Oils Mucilage, saponins, tannins, alkaloids, resin, volatile oil, allatoin, pyrrolizidine, alkaloids, inulin, gum, carotene, glycosides, sugars, vit B12, protein, zinc contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids linked to liver damaged patients Vulnary, Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Expectorant, Demulcent, Bone repair, bactericidal, Anti-carcinogenic, ulcerations Wounds, scars, acne, skin conditions, mouth ulsers, Diarrhea, gastritis, stomach ulcers, Fractures, arthritis, swelling/edema, Decreasing pain, Hormonal balancer, Inflamed eyes. Traditionaly used for hemoptysis, blood in the urine, bowels, as an expectorant, coughs, consumptions, lung cancer. Helps to heal tissue and ease pain of dammaged bones, tendons, ruptures, tissues. Cleanses system of impurities. Used also for Arthritis, gallstones, stomach condition, asthma, female debility images/Comfrey.jpgView
Taxus brevifolia Taxaceae Yew Tree, Pacific Yew, Common Yew, Western Yew, Dark purple bark, Yew Leaves (Needles), Decoction, Tinctures, Oils, Steep in Needles Alkaloid (Taxol), Berries, Seeds poisonous to humans, however birds, animals eat the red berries and the leaves. Anti-Cancer, Vulnerary, Anti-inflammatory, Arrest cell division Anti-Cancer Breast, Ovarien, Colon, Lung, Prostate, Pancreatic, Tapeworms, Tonsilitis, Altzheimers disease, Polycystic Kidney disease, Was considered by First Nations as the "Chief of all Trees", Was used by Salish and American Coastal Bands as a hardwood for every useful tool to carve for bows, implements, fishing gear and needles. images/yewtree.jpgView
Trifolium pratense LEGUMINOSAE Red Clover, Cow Clover, Meadow Clover, Purple Clover, Trefoil, Wild Clover, Meadow Honeysuckle, Leaves and Flower tops Tincture, Syrups, Infusion Isoflavones are Chemicals that act like estrogens; Nutrients: calcium, Chromium, Magnesium, Niacin, Phosphorus, Potassium, Thiamine, Vitamin C. Pregnant and lactating women should avoid; patients on blood thinning medication; research has shown that pregnant animals have had miscarriage after grazing heavily on clover. Anti-cancer, Anti-inflammatory, Antitussive, Phyto-estrogenic, Anti-spasmodic, Alterative, Cardiogenic, Menopausal symptoms, Nervine, Decrease bone loss, Nutritive Expectorant, URI, Purify the blood, Breas tCancer, Whooping Cough, Post nasal drip Loosen, phlegm, Clears lungs, Edema Hot flashes Strengthen arterial walls of heart Arthritis, Bronchitis, Chronic cough Protects against heart disease, Slows bone loss * Gout There are 245 spp’s of Trifolium or Clover. The most common Clover: Trifolium repens: Dutch or White Clover Trifolium incarnatum: Crimson Clover: long bright crimson clover heads used for decorative gardens; as a Nitrogen soil fixer. Trifolium pretense: Red Clover’s leaves are directly under the flower. Alsike Clover: is a hybrid of White/Red Clover; has upright stems & pinker flowers Trifolium wormskjoldii: Springbank Clover has long rhizomes which were an important source of food for the Coastal Natives. They would be dried for winter use. Flavour is sweet, like young green peas. This images/redclover.jpgView
Ulmus rubra Ulmaceae Slippery Elm, Red Elm, Moose Elm, Indian Elm, Ulmus fulva, Sweet Elm Inner bark Deciction, powdered for brew mixed in food, tinctures Mucilage (methyl-galactose0, calcium oxalate, starch, ulmic acid. Pregnant or lactating women Demulcent, Diuretic, Antioxidant, Detoxifying, Anti lipemic, U.R.I. Emollient, Nutritive, Cellular regeneration, Antitussive, Anti inflammatory, Cleansing, Hormone imbalance, constipation, Endotoxic shock (bacterial infection/toxemia, Digestive disorders. Slow healing wounds, Burning urination, Hemorrhoides, Burns, GI disorder, colitis, Anodyne, Bleeding from the lungs/TB, Coughs, Diarrhea, Sore throat, Ulcers, IBS, Insomnia, Boils, Preventing waste/builds up Digestive system. The slippery Elm grows to a height of 30- 60 feet.It is huge industry in the US especially by poachers From mid-june to early July the bark is slippery and easy to peel.Just harvest the tree bark so as not to kill the tree. This herb is on of an ingredients in the Essaic formula to stimulate mucus in the digestive tract thus provides soothing healing to the stomach and intestines especially when the other herbs in the formula may cause nausea. Cancer healing images/slipperyelm.jpgView
Urtica dioica Urticaceae Stinging Nettles Leaves, Roots Tincture, Infusion, decoctions Formic acid, musilage, mineral salts, ammonia, carbonic acid, water,Stining hairs, (trichomes), histamine, acetylcholine, serotonin, (anti-depression), sleep promoter, Anti-bulemic, improves sensory perception, formic acid, 5-hydroxytryptamine, iron. calcium, potassium, magnesium, manganese, silica, iodine, silicon, sodium, sulfur phosphorus, lignans, (type of phytoestroens) during pregnancy, nursing mothers, Anti-inflammatory, Astringent, Diuretic, galactogogue, Analgesic, laxative, Anti-histamine, Anti-coagulant, Counterirritants,Hemostatic, rubefacient(causes redness), diuretic, alterative, use juice of Stinging nettle to counter the sting, arthritis, rheumatism, gout, urinary tract infections, kidney stones, help w BPH (Bening Prostatic Hyperplasiaespecially with the root, helps w / Male pattern baldness in men and women, Inhibits aromatase thus preventing conversion of CHOL into hormones in the prostate Combines w/ Saw Palmentto, Collinsonia, Sage images/nettle.jpgView
Vervain officinales Verbenaceae Blue Vervain, Wild Hyssop, American Blue Vervain, Herb of the Cross, Herb of Grace Aerial parts,(Leaves, Flowers, Stems, Roots ) Tincture Infusion teas Andenosine, Aucubin, Beta-Carotene. Caffeic-acid, Hastatoside, Lupeol, Ursolic acid, Verbenaline, Verbenin, Taqnnins, Vit. K, a Bitter if you are allergic or hypersensitive to the Verbena family or any of its constituents. Patients who are on anti-coagulants or using anti-platelet therapies. No known toxicity. Pregnant women. Astringent, Diaphoretic, Antispasmodic, Galactogogue, Febrifuge, Rheumatism, Blood tonic, Calmative, Digestive aid, Antidepressant, Lethargy, Anti-inflammatory, Antianxiety, Topical analgesia, Anti-Cancer, Bitter, Nervine, Vulnerary Nervous system support, Mood improvement, Mild sedative, Fevers, Colds & Coughs, Dysentry, Nervous exhaustion, Migraine, Bleeding gums, Mouth ulcers, Insect bites, Wounds, Rheumatoid arthritis, There are 250 spp. of Vervaine. American Natives used this medicine to treat stomach disorders & to clear up cloudy urine. Was also used to treat fevers, colds, and coughs;the Cherokees used it for dysentery, Mainly now known for its effect on the Nervous System especially helpful when depression is related to chronic illness. M.Grieve loves this Herb as a poltice She says it is good for Headaches, Neuralgia, Rheumatism . As a poultice it colours the skin a fine red, giving rise to the idea that it had the power of drawing the blood outside, she says.A warm infusion of either the Root, Leaves images/vervain.jpgView
Wild ginger Aristolochiaceae Canadian Wild Ginger, Ginger root, Indian ginger, False Coltsfoot, Canadian Snakeroot Rhizomes, Leaves, stems Decoction,Drying, Tinctures Bitter, Reddish Resin Alpha-Terpineol, Limonene, Aristolochic acid, used as an oral contraceptive, or a spermicide Pregnant women or anyone who is going to undergo syrgery or who is at risk of bleeding due to the fact that Gingernreduces adhesiveness in blood platelets so may contribute to risk of bleeding. Don't combine w/anti-coagulants. Sialagogue, Congestion, Expectorant, Nausea/Vomiting, Stimulant,Tonic, Emmenagogue, Bactericidal, Carminative, Diaphorhetic,Rheumatism, Laxative, Analgesic, Diuretic, Anti-spasmodic, Rubefacient, Anti-Inflammatory, Digestive d/o, Lumbago, Stomachic. Increase saliva flow, Increase bile flow, Digestive disorders, Mensrual Cramp/pain, Nasel discharge, Motion sicness, Coughs, Colds/Fevers, Congestion/lungs, Chronic bronchitis, Blood in Urine, Sore Throats/Larayngitis, Ulsers, Warms the Body, Insecticide. Upper repiratory treatment, Sechelt crushed the leaves for arthritis:Squamish chewed the leaves for TB: Nuxalk made tea for stomach pains, Saanich for good luck, Skohomish drank the tea as an emetic and to settle the stomach. images/Wild Ginger.gifView
Withania somnifera Solanaceae Ashwagandha Roots, Berries, Leaves Tincture, Infusion, Decoction, Extracts. Alkaloids: Withanine, somniferine, somnine, somnferinine: The leaves contain Steroidal lactones called Withanolides. none: except during clinical trials one experienced thyroid stimulation may lead to thyrotoxicosis in some. Immune booster, Anti-inflammatory, Anti-tumour, Nervine, Anti-Stress, HBP, Debility, Adaptogenic, Impotence, Memory weakness, Anti-anxiety, OCD, Depression, Insomnia, Longevity, Aphrodisiac, Neuro-degenerative, Anti-cancer, Analgesic. Chronic fatigue, Nervous exhaustion, Bone Cancer, Parkinson-s Disease, Diabetes, Bipolar disorder, Afer effects of chemotherapy / or drug withdrawal, Emaciation, Constipation, Reduce anxiety, Bone weakness, Hormonal balancer, Anemia, Enhances memory, Arthritis/Rheumatism esp. in the knee, Cancer In india this herb is the cure-all herb. Aswagandha in Sanskrit means "Horse smell" possibly because the root smells like a sweaty horse, others say that the horse smell means libido of a horse. There are 23 species of the Withania genus from India, N. Africa, Middle East and the Mediterranean. This herb we can surely get to know! images/ashwagandha.jpgView
Xanthoxylum americanum RUTACEA Angelica Tree, Prickly Ash, Suterberry, Toothache Tree, Yellow Wood. Bark, Berries Tincture, Decoction, Poultice; Tincture: 2-4ml/2x/d. Alkaloids:Chelerythrine, Herclavin; Lignans :Asarinin; Neoherculin; Tannins; Resins; Volatile oil; Fat; Sugar; Gum; A bitter alkaloid believed to be a Berberine Pregnant and lactating women; best not given to people who have stomach disorders as ulcerative colitis, peptic ulcers, reflux because this herb induces digestive functions. Stimulant, Vulnerary, Carminative Antispasmodic, Bitter, Anti-inflammatory, Digestive d/o, Anodyne, Skin Infections Nervine, Rheumatism, Emmenagogue, Wound healing Improve circulation Counter-irritant Diaphoretic, Alterative, Sialagogue Toothache, Toothache Tree, Toxic Shock, Tooth decay, Painful throats, Cramping pain, Arthritis, Increases blood flow to the stiff joints and also to remove waste materials from that affected area. Traditional use of the oils from the bark and berries: for chronic rheumatism, typhoid and skin disease and impurity of the blood as well as for digestive ailments, Grieve, The berries are considered even more active than the bark, being carminative and antispasmodic, are used as an aperient and for dyspepsia and in The Native tribes along the eastern coast used this herb in treating stomach upsets, painful throats, throbbing muscles and skin infections. images/pricklyash.jpgView
Yucca filamentosa AGAVACEAE Adams Needle, Yucca, Spanish Bayonet, Bear Grass, Dagger Plant, Joshua Tree, Mohave Yucca, Our Lords Candle, Soapweed, Golden Sword Roots, Leaves or Spikes, Flowers Tincture, Nutritional, Salves, Poultices Saponins: 8 Steriodal Saponins were recently isolated from Yucca schidigera; Terpenoids, Furostanol glycosides Pregnant or lactating women & children especially if they have a degenerative disease as Kidney, Liver or Heart disease. Anti-inflammatory, Bone, conditions, Skin Conditions, Vulnerary, Anti-tumor activity, Hyperglycemia, Cellular regeneration, Detoxifying, Degenerative conditions, Nutritive Arthritis/Rheumatism Headache, Cholesterol reducing, Bleeding G.I. Disorders, Shampoo, High sugar levels, Gonorrhea, Purify the Blood Tonify, Dandruff Hair loss, Make Soaps, Deodorizer for pets Bone & Joint: Fractures, Sprains, Arthritis There are 50 spp’s of Yucca yet it has been lumped into just as YUCCA. The big group that grows in the USA and North American deserts are the Yucca schidigera and Yucca filamentosa were the ones used by First Nations. Now it can be easily grown in the West Coast as an ornamental bush with creamy flowers. It takes little care and little water and yet will grow beautifully for your benefit as a Medicine. Today’s class we aremaking Medicine with Y. filmaentosa because of its anti-tumor effects. Y. schidigera : as an antioxidant and steroidal effects it has on Arthritis; ingredient in cosmetics images/yucca.jpgView